This process was called a natural selection by Wallace and Darwin. Darwin found it similar to the artificial selection. People use artificial selection to produce plants and animals with desirable traits, selecting for this matter only mature specimens and allowing them for the crossing. If people can do it, Darwin reasoned, why nature could not? For the occurrence of species diversity that we observe in the world today, improved survival of individuals with adaptive traits in successive generations and over a long period of time is more than enough.
B. Eugenics was a specific expression of early twentieth century social Darwinism. The word literally translates as ‘good origins.’ The eugenics movement was based upon the idea that, as scientists finally understood both genetics and evolution, they could take control of the evolutionary future of the human species. Unfortunately, actual understanding of the complexities and realities of genetics and evolution was not really available. It still isn’t available today. The primary concern of most eugenicists was the ‘problem’ of ‘feeblemindedness,’ which was felt to be at the root of all kinds of social ills. Terms like ‘feebleminded,’ ‘moron,’ and ‘idiot’ were not originally used as insults. They were technical terms given to particular ranges on the . ‘bell curve.’ The feebleminded were those in the segment one standard deviation below 100’those who were of ‘substandard’ ., but who could function in the world’hold down jobs, marry, have children. The supposition was that these folks would have way too many kids’a lot more than folks at the other end of the . scale, and would thus drag the whole human species down with their ‘stupid’ genes. So the eugenicists advocated doing something about limiting the reproduction going on in this segment of the population. In the . the preferred approach was sterilization. In Nazi Germ
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